William B. Carlson
New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH - William Carlson is currently Professor of Systems Engineering at the New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University.  He has been a faculty member at Alfred since 1987.  From 1984 to 1987, he was a research assistant in the Materials Research Laboratory at Pennsylvania State University in the Center for Dielectric Studies.  Professor Carlson has degrees in Arch. Engineering, Engineering Science, and Engineering Mechanics.  Research fellowships have been with the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC. and the Naval Undersea Sound Reference Department.  His principal industrial experience was with the Aerospace Div. / Advanced Energy Programs Department of the General Electric Company from 1975-1987 where he served as a Systems Analyst.


Current work:  design of small structures, analysis in biology - scripting and debugging


Previous Topics:  Mechanics of multilayer electroceramic sensors, actuators, and capacitors;  Ceramic insulator mechanics;  Conceptual design of composite hydrophones;  Heat dissipation in sonar systems;  Simulation of thermomechanical stresses in MLCCs and refractories.

Industrial Experience:  Alternative energy conversion systems:  heat engines, heat pumps, wind turbines, solar collector systems; Computational: programming and simulations - including development of systems modeling algorithms for product development.

Numerical techniques:  finite differences (fluids/solids), finite elements (and BEM), PDE simulations.

Interests:  energy studies and devices, materials simulations, cell signaling, and coding development for simulations of devices.

General computer skills:  Freemat (Octave, Matlab), Fortran, FEA - multiphysics (COMSOL); app development. General FEA/BEM solver for device design and testing.


Ph.D. (1987), Engineering Science and Engineering Mechanics (solid mechanics), Pennsylvania State University, Dissertation topic: Electrostrictive Ceramic Devices
M. Eng. (1981), Engineering Science (energy conversion), Pennsylvania State University
B. Arch. Eng. (1975), Arch. Engineering (structures), Pennsylvania State University


New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University, Alfred, NY
1987- present, currently Professor of Systems Engineering

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
1982-1987 Mat. Res. Lab. - dielectrics, MLCC simulations

The General Electric Company, Aerospace Division, Valley Forge, PA
1985-1987 Electrical Power Systems Analyst, Spacecraft Power Systems (edu. leave) - spacecraft radiation cooling studies, electric field simulations in capacitors
1975-1982 Thermal and Mech. Systems Analyst, Advanced Energy Progs. Dept. - heating/cooling studies, heat transfer/thermodynamics simulations, Stirling engine analysis, wind turbine generator blade dynamics, solar Rankine heat engine design, advanced heat pumps


Landsat satellite program: GE:NASA
Solar Heating and Cooling project: GE:ERDA
Low Temperature Rankine Expander project: GE:DoE
Gas Fired Heat Pump project: GE:AGA:DoE
Wind Turbine Generator project: GE:DoE
Broadcast Satellite 2 project: GE:NASDA
Center for Dielectric Studies: Penn State
Center for Glass Research: NYSCC
University Research Initiative: NYSCC:DoD
Rapid Prototyping project: NYSCC:DARPA


Advanced Energy Programs Dept, General Electric Co., energy conversion
Center for Dielectric Studies, MRL, The Pennsylvania State Univ., dielectrics
New York State College of Ceramics, Alfred Univ., dielectric & sensor projects
Laboratory for Electronic Ceramics (LEC) with professors S. Pilgrim, W. Schulze (1998).

Senior Fellow, DOD/NRL/NUWC (Naval Underwater Sound Ref. Dept.) (summer 1996).
Fellow, DOD/NRL (Naval Research Laboratory), Wash DC (summer 1988).
Visiting Scientist, Material Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University(2001)

Patents or Disclosures

"Amplified Shear Transducer," W. Carlson, R. Ting, NUWC/DoD, U.S. Patent #5,948,993
“Multidirectional/Rotational Superconductor Motor,” R. Ward III, W. Carlson, X. Wang, W. Schulze, U.S. Patent #5,015,622
Disclosure, “Piezotensegritic Transducers,” W. Carlson, D. Williams
Disclosure, “Internal Alignment of Whiskers and Fibers During Extrusion,” J. Zheng, W. Carlson, J. Reed


“World Oil Production via Hubbert Linearization of Production and Normalizations of Production,” W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy (in press).

“Numerical Simulation of Convective and Conductive Transport Processes within Type IV Projectors,” W.B. Carlson (not submitted).

“Modeling of the World Oil Production Using Sigmoidal Functions -Update 2010,” W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 6: 2, 178-186 (2011).

“Formulation of Piezoelectricity and Electrostriction in 4mm Symmetry via an Airy Stress Function,” W.B. Carlson, Ferroelectrics, Letters Section, 34 (3), 80-83 (2007).

“Analysis of World Oil Production Based On the Fitting of the Logistic Function and its Derivatives,” W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 2 (4), 421-428 (2007).

“Sensitivity of Predicted Oil Production to the Sigmoid Function,” W.B. Carlson, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 2 (4), 321-327 (2007).

“Testing of Piezoresistive Polyurethane-Fe3O4 Composites, W.B. Carlson,” S.F Bartkowski, W.A. Schulze, S.M. Pilgrim, Ferroelectrics, 331, 83-88 (2006).

“Formulation of Electrostrictive Stresses in Dielectric Bodies via an Airy Stress Function,” W.B. Carlson and D.E. McCauley, Ferroelectrics, Letters Section, 33 (1-2), 21-24 (2006).

“Approximation of Electromechanical Stresses in MLC Capacitors due to Internally Clamped Strains,” W.B. Carlson and D.E. McCauley, Ferroelectrics, 330 (1), 37-44 (2006).

"Solid Freeform Encapsulation of 1-3-0 PZT Composites,” R. Sun and W. Carlson, Journal of Electroceramics, 8, 139-144 (2002).

"Glass Tank Performance Calculated Under Extreme Manufacturing Conditions,” W. Carlson and M. Koyuncu, Glass Researcher, vol. 10/11, no. 2-1, 44-46,54 (2001).

"Composite Hydrophone Devices Coupling Piezoelectricity and Tensegrity," D. Williams, W. Carlson, W. Schulze, S. Pilgrim, Materials Res. Innovations, vol. 3, no. 4, 226-230 (2000).

“Piezotensegritic Structures for Transducer Applications,” W. Carlson, D. Williams, R. Newnham, Materials Research Innovations, vol. 3, 175-178 (1999).

“Prototypes of Composite Al/PZT Shear Transducers,” W. Carlson, R. Ting, D. Heckle, Ferroelectric Letters, vol. 22, 95-99 (1997).

“Flexi-Distortional Piezoelectric Composites,” W. Carlson, W. Schulze, R. Newnham, L. E. Cross, Ferroelectrics, vol. 188, 11-20 (1996).

“Multilayer Capacitor Margin Stresses and Electrode to Dielectric Thickness Calculations,” W. Carlson, T. Rutt, M. Wild, Ferroelectric Letters, vol. 21, 1-9 (1996).

“Results of a Flexi-distortional Piezoelectric Hydrophone,” J. Williams, W. Carlson, S. Pilgrim,  J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1995).

“Dependence of Compaction Efficiency in Dry Pressing on the Particle Size Distribution,” J. Zheng, W. Carlson, J. Reed, J. Am. Ceramic Soc., vol. 78, no. 9, 2527-2533 (1995).

“The Packing Density of Binary Powder Mixtures,” J. Zheng, W. Carlson, J. Reed,  J. European Cer. Soc., vol. 15, 479-483 (1995).

“Modeling of Piezoresistively-Controlled Electromechanical Smart Material,” J. Frommelt, S. Pilgrim, W. Carlson, W. Schulze, J. of Intelligent Materials, Systems, and Structures, vol. 6, no. 5, 684-690 (1995).

“Flow Mechanics on Extrusion Through a Square Entry Die,” J. Zheng, W. Carlson, J. Reed, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. vol. 75, no.11, 3011-16 (1992).

“Simulation of Elastic Stresses and Polarization in Piezoelectric Ceramic by the Finite Difference Method,” W. Carlson and M. Kahn, Ferroelectrics, vol. 99, 165-172 (1989).

“Numerical Simulation of Mechanical Strain in Ceramic BT and PMN-PT Multilayers via Boundary-Value Analysis,” W. Carlson, R. Newnham, L. E. Cross, Ferroelectrics, vol. 88, 17-25 (1988).

“The Effect of Electric Field on Mechanical Strain and Stress in Flawed Electroceramics,” D. Taylor, R. Newnham, W. Carlson, Ferroelectrics, vol. 87, 81-84 (1988).

“Finite Element Analysis of the Effect of Non-Ferroelectric Second Phases in Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 ,” M. Koyuncu, W. Carlson and S. Pilgrim, IEEE Procs. of Inter. Symp. on Applications of Ferroelectrics, Switzerland (June 2000).

“Numerical Calculation of Stresses in Glass Tank Refractories,” M. Koyuncu, W. Carlson, Glass Researcher, vol. 7, no. 2, 4-5, New York State College of Ceramics, NY (1998).

“Construction of a Piezoresistive ‘Neural Sensor’ Array,” W. Carlson, W. Schulze, S. Pilgrim, Procs. of 4th Annual Workshop: Advances in Smart Materials for Aerospace Applications, 329-334, Langley Res. Center, Hampton, VA (1995).

“Flexi-Distortional Piezoelectric Shear Sensor Results,” W. Carlson, S. Pilgrim, W. Schulze, Y. Kato, J. Frommelt, Procs. of 9th IEEE Int’l Symp. on Applications of Ferroelectrics(ISAF), 770-771, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA (1994).

“Characterization of a Radial Saw Blade Using Finite Element Analysis,” Proc. of 1994 Intl. Modal Analysis Conf., W. Carlson, D. Pape, S. Fowler (1994).

“Numerical Simulation of the Extrusion of Plastic Bodies,” W. Carlson, J. Zheng, J. Reed, Symposium on Forming Science and Technology for Ceramics, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 26, 132-140, Westerville, OH (1992).

“Further Studies on Ceramic Superconductor Motors,” X. Wang, J. Koprevich, R Ward III, N. Mannur, H. Petersen, W. Carlson, W. Schulze, Superconductivity and Ceramic Superconductors II, Ceram. Trans., vol. 18, 593-606, Westerville, OH (1991).

“Small Ceramic Superconducting Motors for Translational and Rotational Applications,” R. Ward III, W. Carlson, X. Wang, W. Schulze, Ceram. Trans., vol. 13, 747-54, Westerville, OH (1990).

“Design of Ceramic Capacitors via Numerical Simulation Part I: Mechanical Stress In Homogeneous Ceramic,” W. Carlson, T. Rutt, K. Ritchie, C. Nies, C. Carney, Procs. of the Center for Dielectric Studies Symp. on Improvement of Multilayer Ceramic Reliability, 7-19, Penns. State Univ. (May 1991).

“Multilayer Actuator Design,” W. Carlson, S. Trolier, A. Safari, R. Newnham, L. E. Cross, IEEE Procs. of Inter. Symp. on Applications of Ferroelectrics, Lehigh University (June 1986).

“Performance of a Free-Piston Stirling Engine for a Heat Pump Application,” W. Chu, W. Carlson, Procs. of the 14th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, 1181-1185, Boston (1979).

“Finite Element/Finite Difference Modeling of Electroceramics,” S. Davanzo, W. Carlson, Tailoring Multiphase and Composite Ceramics, Materials Science Research, vol. 20, 395-406, Plenum Press, NY (1986).